In dynasties, matrimonies are the ones that define the families’ identities and determine who holds power in a society.
These relationships are important not only for dynastys, but for their families, as well.
They’re also important for the generations to follow.
Below, Recode breaks down the top five most important matrimonials in all of history.1.
Elizabeth I, Queen of EnglandThe first Queen of the English throne, Elizabeth I ruled over the English crown from 1546 to 1553.
Her reign was marked by a number of royal coups and a series of military campaigns.
She took control of the country from 1549 to 1556, leading a rebellion against the English king Henry VIII.
In the process, she laid the foundation for the English monarchy and laid the groundwork for modern-day British democracy.2.
Catherine the Great, Empress of RussiaCatherine the Great ruled Russia from 1754 to 1824, the last year of her reign.
During her reign, she fought for Russia’s independence from Great Britain, which ultimately ended up in the Russo-Japanese War.
She became Empress of the Russian Empire in 1918, and became the first Russian to rule the Russian empire.3.
Catherine of Siena, Empress and Empress of ItalyThe last Empress of Siete d’Ivoire and first Empress of Venice, Catherine of Solothurn ruled the Italian peninsula from 1569 to 1592.
She was crowned Empress of Rome in 1598 and died in Rome in 1607.4.
Elizabeth the First, Queen and EmpressSometime after the French Revolution, Elizabeth the first Queen and Queen of Great Britain established a monarchy in the United Kingdom.
In doing so, she established the foundations of democracy in Britain.
Elizabeth’s reign was punctuated by numerous coups, including a 1636 uprising against her and the French king Louis XIV, as he tried to break her power.
Elizabeth is also remembered for her role in the American Civil War.5.
Queen Victoria, Queen Victoria’s son, Queen, and EmpressVictoria was born in 1801, the year that her father, James I, was crowned King of Great Scotland.
Her rule lasted until the end of her life in 1836.
She spent much of her time in the UK as her mother was the Queen of Denmark, and she had no children until her death in 1879.6.
Louis XVI, Louis XVI’s son Louis, and Louis II, King Louis IIIAfter the death of Louis XVI in 1855, he was succeeded by Louis II.
Louis II was succeeded in 1858 by Louis VI, who succeeded in 1862 by Louis VII.
His reign lasted until his death in 1923.
His daughter Princess Beatrice became Empress in 1952, and in 1999 she became Queen of Monaco.7.
Margaret of Anjou, Queen Margaret of FranceMargaret of Anjiou was born at Dijon on May 15, 1482, and was the daughter of the late French king, Louis XV.
She ruled France from 1496 until her father’s death in 1518.
She reigned for four decades before being crowned Empress in 1621.8.
Catherine II, Catherine the First’s daughterQueen Catherine II was born on July 12, 1525, at Parma.
She died on July 20, 1533 at the age of 37.
The year she died was the year when she became Empress, and it marked the beginning of the reign of Catherine II.9.
Empress of Monaco and Empress and QueenEmperor Catherine II is remembered for establishing a system of constitutional monarchy in Russia and the Russian Orthodox Church, and establishing the state of Russia as a Catholic nation.
She also ruled Russia for five decades.10.
Elizabeth of York, Queen Elizabeth of EnglandQueen Elizabeth of Scotland was born just before Christmas on December 28, 1556.
She had four sons and seven daughters, and ruled for the last seven years of her lives.11.
Elizabeth Tudor, Queen Mary of ScotsElizabeth Tudor was born the year of Henry VIII’s death.
She married into a well-established royal family and ruled over England for eight years, from 1603 to 1607, the longest reign in English history.12.
Elizabeth V, Queen Anne of DenmarkQueen Anne of Copenhagen ruled Denmark for four years from 1610 to 1616, and from 1619 to 1625, when she died in exile.
She left behind a family and a kingdom that would be known as the Danish Reformation.13.
Empress Margaret of Aragon, Empress Margaret and QueenMargaret, the daughter and wife of Queen Catherine of Arago, ruled Aragon for 15 years from 1571 to 1582.
Margaret was the last ruler to be crowned by the English monarchs after her father.
The last English monarch to be so crowned was King John VI in 1610, and the last English ruler to rule England was Queen Mary II in 1649.14